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Founded in 1884 by Louth Naturalists',
Antiquarian and Literary Society
Registered Charity No. 1145436

A Local Independent Museum
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Ruth's Blog 2019

Welcome to Ruth's 2019 Blog, where I'll tell you about what we have in Louth Museum. You can also read and discover more from last year's blog.

1st March 2019

'Sampler made at Kidgate School'

Sampler made at Kidgate SchoolThis early Victorian sampler was created in 1847 by a 12-year-old pupil in the British School, now Kidgate Primary Academy. We know this because Eliza Gelsthorp embroidered her name and other details. Worked in the traditional style with the alphabet in four different scripts, and the numerals, the sampler is bright and cheerful.

The British School had opened in 1840, only a few years before Eliza worked her sampler. Initially there were 310 pupils, but only two classrooms – one for the 150 girls and the other for the boys. In the decade after Eliza was at school numbers had risen to 450 pupils, and the buildings were extended. Conditions must have been extremely cramped. Sewing was an important part of the curriculum for girls. We have a number of Victorian samplers in Louth Museum, but this one stands out because it is so vibrant in colour indicating that it has been carefully stored out of direct sunlight. We may tend to think of the early Victorian period as being monochrome, but this sampler clearly shows that bright colours were around.

Eliza was the daughter of John and Frances Gelsthorp who lived in Walkergate, now Queen Street; John was a farmer and leather manufacturer. Eliza did not marry, but later in life she kept house for her brother Thomas Gelsthorp who continued the family business. Thomas was three times mayor of Louth, chairman of the British School Managers, President of Louth Mechanics Institute, and a prominent member of the Ants & Nats. Eliza died in 1907.

6th February 2019

'Brown Cow'

Brown CowThis photo, kindly donated to Louth Museum by the late Mrs Rowena Smith, shows Louth’s Brown Cow pub many years ago. Today the Brown Cow at the junction of Newmarket and Church Street is a thriving popular pub. The first mention of the Brown Cow I have seen was in 1834 – in the early days it was described as a “Beer House”, which meant that it had a lower social standing than the larger, more up-market inns. In the 1970s its name changed to the Newmarket Inn, but reverted to the Brown Cow in 2007.

In the photo the name visible above the door of the pub is Arthur Wright, and this greatly helps in dating the photo. Arthur Wright was the landlord of the Brown Cow before the First World War. Born in Fotherby in 1878, as a young man Arthur worked with his father who was the Ostler and looked after horses at the King’s Head Inn (which was an up-market establishment).

Arthur was listed as landlord of the Brown Cow in 1909. He married his wife Alice in 1908, and it is likely that this was the time that they took on the Brown Cow Beer House. But by 1913 the landlord was John Trevor; Arthur Wright served in the Army Veterinary Corps during the First World War – his experience looking after horses at the King’s Head must have been invaluable. After the war Arthur and Alice moved to Leicester.

So my guess is that the photo was taken some time between 1908 and 1912, and that the woman standing by the gate is Mrs Alice Wright.

16th January 2019

'Mrs Speed's new costume from Maltby's'

Mrs Speed's new costume from Maltby'sDo you sometimes wonder what people were doing a hundred years ago? In 1919, Mrs Speed treated herself to a new outfit from the draper in Louth. We know this because she kept the receipt, and it is now in Louth Museum.

Mrs Florence Speed was a 41-year-old farmer's wife who lived in Carlton. The price of her costume was £5 14s 0d, a considerable sum in those days - in today's money it would be about £300. She made the purchase in the drapers 'R Maltby & Sons' which was located on the eastern side of Louth Cornmarket, and is now the health food shop 'Holland & Barrett'.

The 1919 receipt was handwritten on a printed form. It has a ragged hole in the middle indicating that it was filed on a metal spike. When the invoice was paid, a penny postage stamp (bearing the head of King George V) was added, and payment acknowledged with a signature. A much more laborious system than the speedy computerised tills and card payments in use today!

The requirement to put a postage stamp on receipts was a form of sales tax, which continued until abolished by the 1964 Finance Act; the modern equivalent is VAT. Stamp Duty still exists in the form of a levy on property sales.

Ruth's blog 2018
Ruth's blog 2017
Ruth's blog 2016
Ruth's blog 2015
Ruth's blog 2014

 

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